Foot Care For People With Diabetes

When it comes to diabetic foot care, prevention is worth a pound of cure. Regular foot checks by you and your doctor are as critical as keeping your blood sugars in control to prevent diabetes-related foot complications.

Here are some important self-care tips to prevent or treat foot problems in diabetes:

  1. Do a thorough examination of your feet at least twice every week


adult alternative medicine care comfort

This is the most important part of foot care. Start inspecting your bare feet from the toes, paying heed to the areas between and underneath your toes. Going down, take a look at the top, the bottoms (including the heels), and sides of your feet. If it’s hard for you to see the bottoms of your feet or the area behind your heels, use a mirror or ask someone else to help you



  1. Wash your feet every day


Woman having hydrotherapy water footbath

Gently massage your feet with a mild soap and wash them under running lukewarm water. If you can’t feel the water’s temperature due to nerve damage, have someone else to check it for you.



  1. Pat dry your feet


towels bath bathroom

Pat dry your feet with a clean towel after each wash; avoid rubbing as this can aggravate dryness and dry feet are more prone to cracks, grazes, calluses, and infections.



  1. Moisturize your feet


body cream

Having dry, flaky feet can make you scratch them often, opening your skin’s pores, and inviting the harmful bacteria. To keep your feet moisturized, use an alcohol-free cream or lotion, but avoid the areas between your toes, as dampness in these areas can provoke fungus growth.



  1. Trim and file your toenails


Fingernail cutting

Long nails can pierce the nearby skin and start growing over it, causing an ingrown toenail. It’s ideal to use nail clippers instead of scissors to trim your toenails. Clippers can easily grab the nails. This is in contrast to scissors, with which the balance can be lost and you may risk cutting your skin, leaving the area vulnerable to harmful bacteria. If the nails are hard to cut, do not attempt yourself. Instead, go to a podiatrist who can trim them for you.



  1. Do not walk around barefoot


person wearing pair of black slides

Wear shoes and socks or comfortable house shoes at all times to avoid any sort of injury or cuts to your feet.



  1. Ensure proper footwear


person wearing pair of black and white runnning shoes

Make sure that your shoe size is accurate; your shoes should be comfy and airy. Tight-fitting shoes will cause more friction, contributing to problems like ingrown nails, corns/calluses, or ulcers on the pressure points.



Two additional tips for proper diabetic foot care:

  1. Maintain satisfactory blood sugar control
  2. Avoid smoking as it can also slow down your blood circulation, and in turn, impair wound healing.


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